Very few international data sources provide AHC values, and BHC data are frequently used in international comparisons.
0–17 year olds in households below the 60% income poverty threshold before housing costs (BHC) 0–17 year olds in households below the 60% income poverty threshold after housing costs (AHC) New Zealand Household Economic Survey via Perry 2017.
The Child Poverty Monitor comprises a partnership between the Office of the Children’s Commissioner, the New Zealand Child and Youth Epidemiology Service (NZCYES) at the University of Otago, and the J R Mc Kenzie Trust.
The Child Poverty Monitor partners choose indicators taking into consideration the recommendations of the Expert Advisory Group on Solutions to Child Poverty and the indicators previously included in the Children’s Social Health Monitor.
Improvement is considered to have occurred when a poor household moves closer to the median irrespective of whether income in real terms has increased or decreased.
A few households with a very high income will shift the mean upwards, and the number of very-high-income households varies from year to year.
In 2016, 27% of New Zealand 0–17 year olds lived in households with equivalised income below 60% of the contemporary median after housing costs (approximately 290,000 children).
The measures on income are updated annually using data from the New Zealand Household Economic Survey (NZHES).
Measures presented on material hardship also use data from the NZHES, analysed using the DEP-17 material deprivation index.